Home  |  Contact us  |  Search
Middle East countries
To clickable map
Middle East subjects
To clickable list
Support democracy
Arab & Iranian democrats
Support Israel over tyranny
Videos and presentations
Download MEI intro
Guides for activists
Subscribe newsletter
Support MEI
About us
Link to us
Spread the word
Maps, documents, treaties
Think tanks
Media & commentators
Israeli media
Media & NGO monitors
Arab & Iranian media
Arab & Iranian regimes
Arab & Iranian terror
Arab & Iranian democrats
Hatred of non-Muslims
Friends of Israel
State of Israel

"United Arab Emirates
Honor 2006"

SOMALIA Map Geography People Economy Military Lib of Congress Country Study

Political Violence And Banditry Endemic Since 1991
Collapse of the State since 1991
Warlords Dominate the Country
No National Judicial System
Piracy at Sea
Islamist militia "Supreme Islamic Courts Council
" controls the de facto capital Mogadishu
Somaliland people declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes about 1/4 of Somalia and five of the eighteen administrative regions
Puntland in the northeast declared itself autonomous in 1998

Claims Ethiopian Ogaden region
80 to 90% of the School-Age Population Don't Attend School
Virtually All Females Genitally Mutilated During Childhood

Piracy attacks off Somalia in 2005 (International Maritime Bureau, Jan 31, 2006)

Compare Freedom Score of Somalia (Not Free) and Israel (Free)
Source: Freedom House
(PDF, 187 KB)

Compare Human Development Index of Somalia (---) and Israel (0.905) (PDF, 670 KB)
Source: United Nations Human Development Report 2003

Compare Corruption Index of Somalia (1.7), Israel (7.3), Germany (7.3) and USA (7.7)
Source: Transparency International
(PDF, 1.8 MB)

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Somalia (U.S. State Department, Mar 31, 2003): "No group controlled more than a fraction of the country's territory."

Female Genital Mutilation (World Health Organization, 1999, p. 154): (PDF, 672 KB)
98% of Somali women [= 5 million] have undergone Female Genital Mutilation

Pictures of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
(These pictures are not suitable for children. They are extremely disturbing!!!)

Excerpts from Hosken Report, Somalia Genital and Sexual Mutilation of Females, Fourth Revised Edition, 1993 (Women’s International Network News) (PDF 66 KB): "The child, completely naked, is made to sit on a low stool. Several women take hold of her and open her legs wide. After separating her outer and inner lips, the operator, usually a woman experienced in this procedure, sits down facing the child. With her kitchen knife the operator first pierces and slices open the hood of the clitoris. Then she begins to cut it out. While another woman wipes off the blood with a rag, the operator digs with her sharp fingernail a hole the length of the clitoris to detach and pull out the organ. The little girl, held down by the women helpers, screams in extreme pain; but no one pays the slightest attention.The operator finishes this job by entirely pulling out the clitoris, cutting it to the bone with her knife. Her helpers again wipe off the spurting blood with a rag. The operator then removes the remaining flesh, digging with her finger to remove any remnant of the clitoris among the flowing blood. The neighbor women are then invited to plunge their fingers into the bloody hole to verify that every piece of the clitoris is removed."

Health consequences of FGM (Fact sheet no. 241 Female Genital Mutilation, World Health Organization, June 2004): "Immediate complications include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage, urine retention, ulceration of the genital region and injury to adjacent tissue. Haemorrhage and infection can cause death. More recently, concern has arisen about possible transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to the use of one instrument in multiple operations, but this has not been the subject of detailed research. Long-term consequences include cysts and abscesses, keloid scar formation, damage to the urethra resulting in urinary incontinence, dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse) and sexual dysfunction and difficulties with childbirth. Psychosexual and psychological health: Genital mutilation may leave a lasting mark on the life and mind of the woman who has undergone it. In the longer term, women may suffer feelings of incompleteness, anxiety and depression."

Female Genital Mutilation, Somalia (Amnesty International, Nov 5, 2005): "Virtually all Somali women [98%] are genitally mutilated. There is no law specifically prohibiting FGM."

The World Medical Association Statement on Female Genital Mutilation, Oct 1993: “The World Medical Association condemns the practice of genital mutilation including circumcision where women and girls are concerned and condemns the participation of physicians in the execution of such practices.”

Policy Statement | Female Genital Mutilation (American Academy of Pediatrics, PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 1 Jul 1998, pp. 153-156): “... pediatricians and pediatric surgical specialists should be aware that this practice [FGM] has serious, life-threatening health risks for children and women. The AAP opposes all forms of FGM …” [Disturbing graphical descriptions included]

A Gap in their Hearts: the experience of separated Somali children (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Sep 21, 2003): "After a decade of international neglect to, Somalia's unique circumstances ever since the collapse of the state in 1991 have served to produce one of the largest groups of separated children arriving in Europe and North American countries."

UN Commission on Human Rights: Situation of Human Rights in Somalia (PDF, 226 KB)

Pirates seize tanker off Somalia (AlJazeera TV, Qatar, Mar 30, 2006):"Somalia's lawless Indian Ocean waters are among the world's most dangerous. Craft plying the waters often are attacked by armed men in heavily armed speedboats who demand ransom for the return of the ship or cargo, which often ends up being stolen. The piracy has often stopped food aid getting into the poor country. Sailors have been held for as long as 100 days and a cruise ship with more than 300 on board was attacked with rockets and machine guns last year."

Stoning to death of a Somali "adulterer" following the "verdict" of an Hizbul Islam "court". Mohamed Abukar Ibrahim, a 48-year-old, was buried in a hole up to his chest and pelted with rocks until his face was a bloody mess and he died. His face has been pixellated on grounds of taste. - Daily Mail, Dec 15, 2009

Library of Congress's Country Studies (Somalia)
CIA World Factbook (Somalia): "Most of the southern half of the boundary with Ethiopia is a provisional administrative line; in the Ogaden, regional states have established a variety of conflicting relationships with the Transitional National Government in Mogadishu, feuding factions in Puntland region, and the economically stabile break-away "Somaliland" region; Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while politically supporting Somali Transitional National Government in Mogadishu; arms smuggling and Oromo rebel activities prompt strict border regime with Kenya."

Raphael Katz Portfolio - Web Design, Film Making, Architecture, Photography