the highway to Mecca
(1.4 million inhabitants)
Dec 2, 2006: "A few miles outside Mecca, there is a cutoff
referred to as the "Christian bypass". ... If you remain
on the main highway, there is a police checkpoint just after the
exit, where non-Muslims are kept out of the holy city."
Shi`ite Moslems in the holy city of Mecca, 1987
of arch terrorist Osama Bin Laden and most 9/11 terrorists
royals paid Osama Bin Laden and Taliban £200m "protection
Refuge of cannibal, sadist and mass murderer Idi Amin of Uganda
Saudi religious leader calls for
Middle Age type of theocracy, worse
than the Taliban's Afghanistan: at least the Taliban permitted
other religions to exist in their country. This is absolutely forbidden
in Saudi Arabia. Churches of other religious denominations than
Moslem are outlawed.
Religious police - Convictions
to death by beheading for witchcraft
Apartheid against non-Muslims - Death for adultery & apostasy
Two major cities (Mecca & Medina) forbid entrance of non-Muslims
Arab Palestinians living in Saudi Arabia excluded from naturalization
Transfer and ethnic mutilation
only state where cinemas are banned
on photography in most public areas
only state where it is illegal for women to drive
Without written permission from a male guardian, women may not travel,
get an education or work. Regardless of permissions, they are not
allowed to drive, mix with men in public or leave home without covering
themselves with black cloaks, called abayas
legal with one-year-old girls
girl's marriage ruled legal
of failed suiciders are women
calls for female picture ban
Religious police prevents male firemen from rescuing girls burning
gender segregated eating zones in restaurants
Punishment by hand amputation, flogging & public beheading
Muslims worldwide indoctrinated by preachers funded from Saudi Arabia
of cats and dogs banned as un-Islamic
Despot King Fahd in Forbes Report 2003 "The World's Richest
Rich List (Arabian Business, 8/31/2009)
Freedom Score of
Saudi Arabia (Not Free) and
Source: Freedom House (PDF,
Human Development Index of
Saudi Arabia (0.769) and Israel (0.905) (PDF,
United Nations Human Development Report 2003
Corruption Index of Saudi
Israel (7.3), Germany
(7.3) and USA (7.7)
Source: Transparency International
(PDF, 1.8 MB)
mosque in Rome? Sure. A non-Muslim in Mecca? No. (Jonathan V. Last,
Wall Street Journal, Aug 29, 2003): "If you judge by the
pictures, the Makkah Hilton is a nice place to stay. There's just
one catch, as the Web site notes. The five-star hotel 'is exclusively
sited within the Holy City which, by
national and religious law, is only accessible to visitors of the
Muslim Religion.' This law is something of a
singularity among major religions, because it isn't merely the Grand
Mosque that is off-limits to nonbelievers, the way, for instance,
a Mormon Temple is. It's a city--a major city with hotels, supermarkets,
schools and a population of 1.2 million people. (The city of Medina,
population 700,000, also forbids non-Muslims.) ... The ban sometimes
creates logistical woes. Companies that rely on skilled workers
often resort to using auxiliary offices outside the city. Ms. Mackey
tells of the building of a hotel
designed by a Western architect. The Saudis refused to allow him
into the city and, she writes, 'insisted that he stand on a hill
outside of town and direct the work through a telescope.'
... But even at the State Department, the ban rankles. 'Every religion
needs to have its own freedom of assembly and be able to protect
the integrity of its holy places,' said one State Department expert.
'But it's just absurd that it goes to these great lengths. . . .
Even if you don't care about lofty
ideals like religious freedom or openness, we're starting to see
some real connections between religious intolerance and terrorism.'"
website of Makkah Hilton Hotel, Saudi Arabia (Aug 30, 2003):
"... this hotel is only accessible to visitors of Muslim religion."
website of Madinah Hilton Hotel, Saudi Arabia (Aug 30, 2003):
"... this hotel is only accessible to visitors of Muslim religion."
Arabia's Apartheid (Colbert I. King, Washington Post, Dec 22, 2001):
"He said he and his wife were amused
to read early press reports from Afghanistan about the oppression
of women and religious minorities. 'Virtually everything described
there was taking place in Saudi Arabia, with the exception that
at least the Taliban permitted other religions to exist in their
country. This is absolutely forbidden in Saudi Arabia.'
.... One of the (still) untold stories, however, is the cooperation
of U.S. and other Western companies in enforcing sexual apartheid
in Saudi Arabia. McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Starbucks, and other U.S.
firms, for instance, maintain strictly segregated eating zones in
their restaurants. The men's sections are typically
lavish, comfortable and up to Western standards, whereas the women's
or families' sections are often run-down, neglected and, in the
case of Starbucks, have no seats. Worse, these firms will bar entrance
to Western women who show up without their husbands. My wife and
other [U.S. government affiliated] women were regularly forbidden
entrance to the local McDonald's unless there was a man with them."
Freedom in Saudi Arabia (Overseas-based Saudi Institute, Jan 30,
population adheres to at least seven religious minorities from
Sunni and Shia Islam.
Religious Freedom doesn’t exits for most Saudis belonging
to the seven Islamic denominations.
The country witnessed increasing systematic government campaign
of intolerance, oppression against the Ismaili minority in Najran.
Senior officials engineered unparallel campaign of transfer
and ethnic mutilation against Ismailis and
Over 20 religious leaders, mostly Shia Ismailis and Jafaris
remain in prison without trial, in addition to 200 religious
prisoners. The longest held prisoner is a Wahhabi religious
leader, and the oldest prisoner was a Shia cleric. Both were
arrested for their opinions and religious beliefs.
17 religious prisoners face execution or life sentences.
Millions of religious books have been confiscated and burnt
by the government.
Several official cleric issued edicts and statements calling
of violence against Shia minorities. The incitements materialized
into acts of violence and murder against a numbers of the Shia
citizens. The acts were perpetrated by the government and some
- All media
outlets restrict its religious coverage to the Wahhabi understanding
of Islam. Other understandings of Islam are barred from all
government and private media outlets.
- The permanent
destruction of Islamic landmarks and historical mosques by the
government has continued. The destruction also targeted cultural
attributes and social traditions of religious minorities.
28, 2004: Following protests in the USA, Saudi Arabia has removed
from its tourism website the list of those who are ineligible
to apply for tourist visas, which included "Jewish People."
The original is cached here: Visa
Requirements - Saudi Arabia government tourism website, Feb 26,
"Visas will not be issued for the following groups of
Israeli passport holder or a passport that has an Israeli arrival/departure
who don't abide by the Saudi traditions concerning appearance
under the influence of alcohol will not be permitted into the
a woman is arriving in the Kingdom alone, the sponsor or her
husband must receive her at the airport.
Every woman must have confirmed accommodation for the duration
of her stay in the Kingdom.
woman is not allowed to drive a car
and can therefore only travel by car if she is accompanied by
her husband, a male relative, or a driver."
Internet Rules (Council of Ministers Resolution, Feb 12, 2001):
"All Internet users in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia shall refrain
from publishing or accessing data containing some of the following:
Anything contravening a fundamental principle or legislation, or
infringing the sanctity of Islam and its benevolent Shari’ah,
or breaching public decency. Anything contrary to the state or its
system. Reports or news damaging to the Saudi Arabian armed forces,
without the approval of the competent authorities. Publication of
official state laws, agreements or statements before they are officially
made public, unless approved by the competent authorities."
Saudi Arabia's governmental Supreme Commision for Tourism website
(Jan 6, 2005)
RIGHTS IN SAUDI ARABIA: THE ROLE OF WOMEN. (TESTIMONY OF ALI AL-AHMED,
Director of the Saudi Institute before the Congressional Human Rights
4, 2002): "Saudi Arabia
is the only country in the world that prevents women from driving,
studying law and engineering, directly selling or buying property,
attending court (even when accused of murder), and showing their
faces in public."
International is gravely concerned at reports that 14
girls have lost their lives and dozens of others were injured
following a fire at their school in Mecca on 11 March 2002 after
the religious police (Mutawa'een)
prevented them from escaping from the fire because they were not
wearing headscarves and their male relatives were not there to receive
them. The religious police are also reported to have prevented rescuers
from entering the school because they were males and therefore not
permitted to mix with females." - Mar 15,
ARABIA: GROSS HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES AGAINST WOMEN (Amnesty International,
Sep 27, 2000): "Discrimination
against women impacts upon and compounds the wide range of human
rights violations commonly reported in Saudi Arabia.
These violations, which have been described in detail
in two recent Amnesty International reports on Saudi Arabia, A Justice
System Without Justice and A Secret State of Suffering1, include
arbitrary arrest and
detention as facilitated by the wide-ranging powers enjoyed by the
arresting authorities; vague written and unwritten laws; secret
and grossly unfair trials; torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment; and the use of the death penalty."
Arabia - Questions of Human Rights (Website of the Saudi Arabian
Embassy in London): "Q: Why
can women not travel freely and alone within Saudi Arabia?
A: This phenomena is not limited to Saudi Arabia. This custom prevails
in many Muslim countries. There is a religious basis for it: the
Prophet Mohamed said that no women should travel for more than one
night without her husband or a mahram, for example her father, son
or uncle. Some Muslim scholars believe that the Prophet's instruction
was based on the unsafe travel conditions of the time. They argue
that as travel is no longer risky, that injunction does not apply.
However, religious scholars in Saudi Arabia do not accept this interpretation,
and neither do the majority of the Saudi people. This is not a matter
of government decree; it is a matter of deep personal belief."
ORIGINS OF THE "WITCHCRAFT" CHARGE (Human Rights Watch)
West As An Enemy in Saudi Arabian Schoolbooks (AJC): "Manifestations
of the Call for Westernization.
Calling for [male and female] mixing in the spheres of work, education
and [other] fields of public life.
Opening dance halls, amusement centers and other types of cheap
Abolishing the veil and showing the unveiled [face].
Establishing interest-based banks, encouraging people to conduct
interest[-based businesses] and advocating that.
Cramming the markets, radio and television with vulgar stories,
literature and songs.
Emulating the Westerners in their holidays: birthdays, Mother's
Day, May Day, etc... not to mention the revival of Zoroastrian or
ancient holidays such as the Nowruz [Persian New Year's Day] and
Shamm al-Nasim [Egyptian Spring Festival].
The tendency among the educated sons of the Arabic language to speak
among themselves in a modern European or American language, instead
of their own national language, in order to show off the extent
of their education.
[The practice of] many well-off Muslim families to send their sons
to local missionary schools and colleges, instead of [sending them
to] national educational institutions.
Introducing Western political institutions
such as [political] parties and parliaments into the Muslim societies,
which have resulted in tragedies and fragmentation among sons of
the same society.
Biography of the Prophet and History of the Muslim State, Grade
10, (2001) pp. 92-93"
of Saudi Arabian flag:"Muhammad
is the Messenger of God" and a sword
demonology of SE Asian Islamists (Australian MP Michael Danby, Jerusalem
Post, Aug 31, 31, 2003): "Sue and Donna lived in Elwood
and Port Melbourne respectively, suburbs in my constituency in Melbourne,
where I serve as a federal member of parliament. Sue and Donna were
killed whilst enjoying a holiday in Bali, and now Donna leaves behind
a disabled four-year-old. As justification for their murderous acts
in Bali, two of the known perpetrators, Amrozi bin Nurhasyim and
Imam Samudra, have focused their
rhetoric on revenge 'against the Jews,' despite the fact that, to
the best of my knowledge, there are no Jews in Indonesia.
... Where European anti-Semites saw the Jews as the sworn enemies
of Christianity, the Indonesian
anti-Semites see the Jews and Christians as allies. Imam Samudra
says the Bali bombing was designed 'to carry out my responsibility
to wage global jihad against Jews and Christians throughout the
world.' When Samudra was led from court on 26
June, he yelled: 'Destroy Christians,
destroy America, destroy Jews!' ... Poor Indonesian
youth are attending religious schools (madrassas) and some of them
are being indoctrinated by Wahabist
preachers funded from Saudi Arabia. The result has been to reconnect
Indonesian Islam with the Islamist strand of the Arab world, with
its prevalent strains of anti-Western and anti-Semitic ideology."
on logo of Saudi Arabian Ministry of Higher Education: Koran
and two swords
(Islamic Resistance Movement) (Patterns of Global Terrorism -2001,
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. U.S. State Department:
"Receives funding from Palestinian expatriates, Iran, and private
benefactors in Saudi Arabia and other moderate Arab states."
Columnist: 'We Have Bred Monsters ... We Are the Problem and Not
America' (Dr. Muhammad Talal Al-Rasheed, columnist for the English
language daily The Saudi Gazette/MEMRI translation, Nov 30, 2003)
Commission for Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice
has a force of more than 3,500 men (apparently in the capital alone!!!)
who patrol the streets to enforce moral values. The officials can
order the arrest and detention of violators or those who resist
their instructions. Othman Al-Othman, head of the Commission for
the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice in Riyadh, says cafes
"negatively affect the morals of youth and lead them to start
smoking." Doesn't Saudi Arabia, whence came 15 of the 19 Sept.
11 hijackers, have bigger moral problems than smoking? Persons convicted
of less serious offenses, such as alcohol related offenses or being
alone in the company of an unrelated person of the opposite sex,
sometimes were punished by caning.
religious and morality police launch website (MEMRI, May 13, 2003)
: "... the arrest of an
Asian man belonging to the Sufi sect of Islam who "engaged
in witchcraft," a study on the role of the Authority in the
struggle against "ideological invasion, ... On the photo, under
the heading "The Jewish Doll," is a story titled "The
Strange Request." The story reads: "One girl said to her
mother: 'Mother, I want jeans and a shirt open at the top, like
Barbie's!!' The dolls of the Jewish Barbie in her naked garb [sic],
their disgraceful appearance, and their various accessories are
a symbol of the dissolution of values in the West. We must fully
comprehend the danger in them."
cards for women: Why insist on guardian's consent? (By Nourah Abdul
Aziz Al- Khereiji, Arab News)
Lebanese model Nathaly Fadlallah models the 'Dress of Revolution,'
designed by Saudi
haute couture designer Yehya al-Bashri. The dress was part of a
collection featured at an Arab fashion festival in Beirut on September
17, 2002 to demonstrate solidarity with the Palestinian uprising
against Israel. The dress is covered with faux bloodstains from
the waist to the knees, and below the knees it shows an Israeli
tank against a background of burning buildings. Reuters, by the
way, classifies this as an "entertainment" photo.
to say, in Saudi Arabia, the home of the designer, the same woman
would be imprisoned as a "prostitute" for daring to dress
Basics: The Requirements of the Muslim Woman's Dress (The Islamic
are required in Islam to cover themselves whenever they are outside
of their homes or in the presence of non-mahrem
men. This provides many benefits to the Muslim woman herself
as well as to the society as a whole. Allah willing, I plan on discussing
many of these benefits in future articles. This article, however,
will simply describe the physical requirements of hijab. My hope
is that it will serve as a reference for Muslim women as well as
a basic introduction to hijab for non-Muslims. The word hijab is
derived from the Arabic root hajaba, which means to hide from view
or to conceal. Many people use it to refer to the headscarf which
Muslim women wear (as in: I bought this hijab for $10 yesterday),
but hijab is much more than a headscarf: it is an entire way of
dressing, behaving and believing. It is acceptable to name the scarf
hijab so long as it does not lead to the wrong impression that a
headscarf is the only requirement of true hijab. After all, anyone
can wear a headscarf (gypsies, fashion models, etc.), but it takes
much more than that to fufill the conditions of Islamic dress.
1. Proper hijab (concealment for
the Muslim woman) dictates that the entire body must be covered,
although the face and hands may be exposed. Some women choose to
cover themselves further by means of a face veil and gloves, and
this is perfectly fine.
2. The clothing must be long and loose-fitting so that the shape
of the woman is not outlined in her garments. The preferred coverings
include the jelbab and the abaya which are floor-length cloaks which
come in various types of fabric and may be worn over a woman's regular
house clothing. Pants
are unacceptable unless they are worn underneath the outer garments.
3. Garments should not be transparent as to reveal the color of
a woman's skin or to expose the hair or body in any way. With regards
to the headscarf, it must cover all of the hair and be long enough
to cover the woman's ears, neck and chest. Women should take care
to ensure that the scarf is securely fastened, usually with pins,
and that her hair is arranged so that it will not slip out of her
4. Colors and styles should be as plain as possible so that unnecessary
attention is not drawn to the woman. In addition, the clothing should
not be excessively rich and fancy in order to gain admiration nor
excessively poor and ragged in order to gain sympathy. Modesty is
the main goal.
5. Jewelry must not be displayed, and it is especially important
that it does not make noise as a woman walks (an ankle-bracelet
with bells, for example). Women in pre-Islamic Arabia used to wear
such bracelets and stamp their feet in the markets in order to entice
and attract men.
6. The dress should not resemble the garments of men, nor should
it imitate the dress of non-Muslims.
7. Make-up (unless it is completely covered by a face-veil) and
perfume are strictly prohibited for Muslim women when outdoors or
in the presence of non-mahrem
8. A Muslim woman who wears hijab should also strive to make her
actions consistent with her dress with regards to Islamic guidelines
for speech, manners and behavior.
These categories of people, along
with the woman's husband, form the group
of allowable escorts for a Muslim woman when she travels: Mahram
(other commonly used spellings: Mahrim) A mahram refers to the group
of people who are unlawful for a woman to marry due to marital or
blood relationships. These people include: Her permanant Mahrams
due to blood relationship, and those seven are: her father, her
son (who passed puberty), her brother, her uncle from her father's
side, her brother's son, her sister's son, and her uncle from her
mother's side. Her Radha' Mahrams due to sharing the nursing milk
when she was an infant, and their status is similar to the permanent
seven Mahrams (i.e. nothing can change their status). Her (in law)
Mahrams because of marriage and they are: her husband's father (father
in law), her husband's son (step son), her mother's husband (step
father), and her daughter's husband."
Photo Gallery (ModernMuslima.com, May 2, 2006)
Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Citizenship and Justice
(Freedom House Survey, May 20, 2005):
"Country Ratings for Saudi Arabia
Nondiscrimination and Access to Justice: 1.2
Autonomy, Security, and Freedom of the Person: 1.1
Economic Rights and Equal Opportunity: 1.4
Political Rights and Civic Voice: 1.0
Social and Cultural Rights: 1.6
(Scale of 1 to 5: 1 represents the lowest and 5 the highest level
of freedom women have to exercise their rights)"
Saudi Arabia: "Crimes
subject to the death sentence included murder,
apostasy from Islam, adultery,
drug smuggling, and sabotage. Under certain conditions, rape and
armed robbery could also lead to execution. Executions
could be carried out by beheading, firing squad, or stoning of the
convicted person in a drugged state. ...
Under the sharia, repeated theft is punishable
by amputation of the right hand,
administered under anesthetic. Because of its severity, a number
of qualifications have been introduced to mitigate the punishment.
If the thief repents and makes restitution before the case is brought
before a judge, the punishment can be reduced; furthermore, the
victim can demand recompense rather than punishment or can grant
a pardon. Highway crime was considered a crime against public safety
and thus subject to more severe punishment. Aggravated theft can
be punished by cross-amputation of a hand and a foot. Such cases
have been unusual, but Amnesty International reported four of them
in 1986. In 1990 fewer than ten hand amputations took place, at
least five of which were administered to foreigners.
with a cane was often imposed for offenses against religion and
public morality, such as drunkenness and gambling and the neglect
of prayer requirements and fasting. Although the flogging was painful,
the skin was not broken. The purpose was to degrade rather than
cripple the offender and serve as a deterrent to others. United
States citizens have been flogged for alcoholrelated offenses, usually
receiving from thirty to 120 strokes."
Amnesty International Annual Report 2002:(PDF
54 KB): "Grave and
widespread human rights violations continued to be reported. They
were perpetuated by the strictly secretive criminal justice system
and the government policy of barring political parties, trade unions
and independent human rights organizations; international non-governmental
human rights organizations were not allowed access to the country.
The government failed to respond to any of the concerns raised by
AI during the year. Hundreds of teenagers were flogged. Women continued
to face severe discrimination. Arrests
of suspected political and religious activists
continued and the legal status of those held from previous years
remained shrouded in secrecy."
Arabia: A secret state of suffering (Amnesty International Report):
"Sadiq 'Abd al-Karim Mal Allah,
a Saudi Arabian Shi'a Muslim, was executed in 1992. Neither he nor
his family knew that he was under sentence of death or for what
"crime" he had been convicted. He was apparently charged
with smuggling a copy of the Bible into Saudi Arabia. He denied
the charge, but was reportedly requested to convert to Wahabism,
an interpretation of Islam favoured by the state. When he refused,
the judge was reported to have told him: "You abandon your
rejectionist belief or I will kill you." On 3 September 1992
he was publicly beheaded in al-Qatif. These
cases illustrate the intense fear and secrecy surrounding the imposition
of the death penalty in Saudi Arabia. Those
facing execution are rarely told in advance the date of execution.
Sometimes prisoners are not even aware that they have been sentenced
Arabia's extensive use of capital punishment (Amnesty International
(PDF, 42 KB)
Arabia is not a vacation paradise (Religious Freedom Coalition):
" Don't believe for a minute that the harsh treatment of women
in Saudi Arabia is limited to its citizens. Western
women expatriates living in Saudi Arabia are continually harassed
by militant local youths and the religious police (mutaween).
The Guardian newspaper in London, England reports that then harassment
has become worse since September 11th. The newspaper reports that
many British who work in Saudi Arabia, both men and women, are leaving.
"Only the hard-core are staying," one returning Brit said,
but most are leaving when their contracts expire. One female British
worker in Saudi, Ms. June Thomas, said, 'Women
can be picked up for anything. If they are outside a shop waiting
for it to open when the owner comes back from prayers, they were
mutaween bait. The mutaween accuse them of loitering to pick up
a man, of being prostitutes. They are thrown straight in jail because
they have no facilities in the police stations to question women.'
She said. Ms. Thomas has worked for five years as a hospital security
"female investigator". It is her job to educate western
women about Islamic law and to represent them if they get in trouble
with authorities. Now she is leaving. What was the last straw for
her? Three young western women
were arrested and thrown in jail for three days with no food or
water after being strip searched in a corridor. They became dangerously
dehydrated. What was their crime? At an empty
Italian restaurant with three other nurses, two of the group had
bared their arms while eating. My advice: Scratch Saudi Arabia off
your list of vacation destinations. Keep
in mind that Saudi Arabia is our "moderate" ally in the
war against Islamic terror. The reality is that most of the funding
for Islamic terror comes from Saudi and the antihuman treatment
of women is the bench mark of the Saudi society which is based on
for the House of Saud (Dr Farrukh Saleem, Pakistan-based The News,
Nov 23, 2003): "One of the greatest of all surviving myths
is that Saudi Arabia is a wealthy country."
Purely Evil Cartel. Iraq's liberation is the perfect opportunity
to smash OPEC (Claudia Rosett, Wall Street Journal, Jul 30, 2003):
"Though there are many polite
ways in which OPEC is usually described, it would be accurate to
sum up this outfit's activities as follows: a gang of price-fixing,
oil-rich thug regimes that meet to reinforce assorted terrorist-sponsoring
tyrants and gouge consumers. ... The Saudis
are, of course, entitled to offer oil at any price they want, including
the OPEC target price of $22 to $28 a barrel for oil that costs
them $1 to $2 a barrel to produce. But the Saudi-led collusion that
goes into keeping world oil prices high enough to command prices
that OPEC deems "fair and reasonable" is the kind of stuff
that would get private capitalists in the U.S. fried on prime-time
TV and thrown in prison. ... Oil
in any nation is a perilous treasure, but especially so when it
is entirely owned or controlled by the state. In government hands,
in large quantities, oil wealth helps rulers consolidate control
to a degree that in Saudi Arabia today funds the totalitarian state--with
its export of its Wahhabi terrorist creed. In Iraq, the state oil
monopoly sustained Saddam Hussein. Huge oil
revenues relieve the rulers of the need to negotiate with their
subjects any sort of mutually acceptable tax system. Instead, oil
tyrants are in a position to govern chiefly by bribe and threat.
The result is stunted development, both political and economic.
Saudi Arabia's per capita income, despite the country's vast oil
wealth, has been shrinking for years. OPEC's overall rate of economic
growth this year is estimated by its own analysts at 1.4%, or less
than half the world average of 2.9%."
Arabia's Overrated Oil Weapon (Max Singer, Weekly Standard, Aug
18, 2003): "OVERESTIMATES OF ARAB OIL POWER are an important
and harmful influence on policy toward the Middle East. The following
myths, or outdated facts, support the world's misjudgment of the
power of the Persian Gulf oil producers--especially Saudi Arabia,
but also Iran, Iraq, and the Gulf states."
Rights Watch Report 2002 (Saudi Arabia)
Wahhabi Movement (Islamic Supreme Council of America)
Islam's second holiest city, was originally a Jewish "settlement":
"The city of Medina, some
280 miles north of Mecca, had originally been settled by Jewish
tribes from the north, especially the Banu Nadir
and Banu Quraiza. The comparative richness of the town attracted
an infiltration of pagan Arabs who came at first as clients of the
Jews and ultimately succeeded in dominating them. Medina, or, as
it was known before Islam, Yathrib, had no form of stable government
at all. The town was tom by the feuds of the rival Arab tribes of
Aus and Khazraj, with the Jews maintaining an uneasy balance of
power. The latter, engaged mainly in agriculture and handicrafts,
were economically and culturally superior to the Arabs, and were
consequently disliked.... as soon as the Arabs had attained unity
through the agency of Muhammad they attacked and ultimately eliminated
the Jews." (Professor
Bernard Lewis, Arabs in History, p. 40).
faithlessness becomes an American political issue (Review
& Outlook, Wall Street Journal, Aug 8, 2003): "There
was a day when those words didn't invite cynicism. Since World War
II, the mutual interests involved in America's need for Saudi oil
and the Saudis' need for American protection created a happy marriage
of convenience. Recent events on Capitol Hill, however, suggest
that too many inside the U.S. and Saudi governments have not yet
grasped that this old model was forever buried in the rubble of
Amin's obscenely easy exile (Ethan Bronner, International Herald
Tribune, Aug 20, 2003): "Was
it possible that a man who, in the 1970's, had ordered the deaths
of 300,000 of his countrymen, raped and robbed his nation into endless
misery and admitted to having eaten human flesh was whiling away
his time as a guest of the Saudi government? It was. There, in a
spacious villa behind a white gate, Amin made his home ..."
in Persons Report 2002 (U.S. Department of State) (PDF,
630 KB) - Saudi Arabia,
Bahrain, Iran, Lebanon, Qatar, Sudan, United Arab Emirates
refugees in Saudi Arabia (Wikipedia, Oct 8, 2005): An estimated
number of 500,000 Palestinians are living in the kingdom of Saudi-Arabia
as of December 2004. They are not allowed to hold or even apply
for Saudi citizenship, as the new law passed by Saudi Arabia's Council
of Ministers in October 2004 ( which entitles expatriates of all
nationalities who have resided in the kingdom for ten years to apply
for citizenship, with priority being given to holders of degrees
in various scientific fields ) has one glaring exception: Palestinians
will not be allowed to benefit from the new law because of Arab
League instructions barring the Arab states from granting them citizenship
in order "to avoid dissolution of their identity and protect
their right to return to their homeland".
religious leader calls for slavery's legalization (Daniel
Pipes, Nov 7, 2003): Sheikh Saleh Al-Fawzan [is] the author of a
religious textbook (At-Tawhid, "Monotheism") widely used
to teach Saudi high school students as well as their counterparts
abroad studying in Saudi schools (including those in the West).
"Slavery is a part of Islam," he announced in a recent
lecture. "Slavery is part of jihad, and jihad will remain as
long there is Islam." He argued against the idea that slavery
had ever been abolished, insulting those who espouse this view as
"ignorant, not scholars. They are merely writers. Whoever says
such things is an infidel." Al-Fawzan is no maverick. He is:
- A member
of the Senior Council of Clerics, Saudi Arabia's highest religious
- A member
of the Council of Religious Edicts and Research;
- Imam of the
Prince Mitaeb Mosque in Riyadh; and
at Imam Mohamed Bin Saud Islamic University, the main Wahhabi
center of learning.
Reports on Human Rights Practices, Saudi Arabia - 2001 (Bureau of
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of U.S. Department of State)
Arabia related documents at Middle East Media Research Institute
of Congress's Country Studies (Saudi Arabia)
World Factbook (Saudi Arabia): "Demarcation
of delimited boundary with Yemen involves nomadic tribal affiliations;
because details of 1974 and 1977 treaties have not been made public,
the exact location of the Saudi Arabia-UAE boundary is unknown and
status is considered de facto."