of Congress Country Study
through Iraqi city (Globeandmail, Apr 1, 2004)
Ritual Ashura self-mutilation - children
new Iraqi government is thanking US-led coalition for liberating
Muslim Arab terrorists murdered tens of thousands of Shiites after
liberation of Iraq
Shiite Muslim Arab terrorists murdered tens of thousands of Sunnis
after liberation of Iraq | Iraqis
turn to fake IDs as protection
Piracy at sea
are wiping out Mandaean minority
now smiles on Israel's removal
of Saddam's nuclear program in 1981
Before USA and UK occupied distant Iraq
for preventive security reasons:
State Sponsor of Terrorism - Genocide
and Gendercide - Religious Persecution
Use of WMD against own people: Iraq
repeatedly used chemical weapons against Iraqi Kurds in 1988 and
against Muslim Iran in 1983-1988 -182,000
Iraqi Kurds killed during the Anfal campaign in 1986-1989 -
Saddam's persistent record of lying meant no one believed him
when he at the last moment actually removed the weapons of mass
290,000 Iraqis disappeared into the regime's deadly maw - Child
Mother of All Connections: Saddam Hussein's Iraq and al Qaeda
Occupied and plundered Arab Kuwait from 1990-1991 - Palestinians
supported Saddam Hussein during the 1990 invasion of Arab Kuwait
Arabs suffered ethnic cleansing and repression
Invaded Muslim Iran causing war from 1980-1988 and 1,000,000 dead
Launched missile attacks on Saudi Arabia in 1991
Invaded Israel in 1948 with the declared intent of destroying her
Launched missile attacks in 1991 on Israeli civilian targets
Sponsored suicide terrorism against Israeli civilians
Saddam Hussein provided funding to Al-Jazeera TV
Tyrant Saddam Hussein in Forbes
Report 2003 "The World's Richest People"
Freedom Score of Iraq (Not Free)
and Israel (Free)
Source: Freedom House (PDF, 187
Human Development Index of Iraq
(---) and Israel (0.905) (PDF,
Source: United Nations Human
Development Report 2003
Corruption Index of Iraq (2.3),
Israel (7.3), Germany (7.3) and USA (7.7)
Source: Transparency International (PDF,
of mutilating execution method with hand grenades in Saddam Hussein's
These pictures are not suitable for children. They are extremely
"The Threatening Storm" by Kenneth Pollack, a Middle East
scholar who served two tours of duty in Bill Clinton's National
Security Council: "This is a regime
that will gouge out the eyes of children to
force confessions from their parents and grandparents. This is a
regime that will crush
all the bones in the feet of a 2-year-old girl
to force her mother to divulge her father's whereabouts. . . . This
is a regime that will burn
a person's limbs off to force him to confess
or comply. This is a regime that
lower its victims into huge vats of acid, either
to break their will or as a means of execution. . . . This is a
regime that will drag in a man's
wife, daughter, or other female relative and repeatedly rape her
in front of him. This is a regime
that will force a white-hot metal rod into a person's anus or other
orifices. This is a regime
that employs thalium poisoning, widely considered one of the most
excruciating ways to die. This is a regime that
will behead a young mother in the street in front of her house and
children because her husband was suspected of opposing the regime.
This is a regime that used chemical
warfare . . . not just on the 15,000 killed and maimed at Halabja
but on scores of other villages all across Kurdistan."
with personality cult: on tyran Saddam Hussein's birthday flowers
from the dead
Chemical Weapons Campaign: Halabja, March 16, 1988 (U.S. State Department,
Mar 14, 2003): "Saddam
Hussein is the first world leader in modern times to have brutally
used chemical weapons against his own people."
Sarin. The WMD we haven't found is still a threat. (Wall Street
Journal, May 18, 2004): "Yesterday's report that a roadside
bomb containing sarin nerve agent exploded recently near a U.S.
convoy in Baghdad isn't impressing most of the press corps. They're
dismissing it as no big deal--though we'd guess it was a rather
large event for the two U.S. explosives experts lucky enough to
escape with only minor exposure. Along with VX nerve gas, sarin
is among the deadliest chemical toxins around. That it has now been
used by our enemies in one of their improvised explosive devices,
or IEDs, is at least notable as a reminder that we still don't know
what happened to Saddam's WMD. We should want to solve this mystery
before it turns up in other weapons targeting Americans, whether
in Iraq or elsewhere."
rejoice at Chemical Ali's capture, want him tried in Halabja (Kurdistan
Regional Government, Aug 21, 2003): "Iraqi Kurds hailed
on Thursday the capture of Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as "Chemical
Ali" for ordering a gas attack that killed thousands of their
own in 1988, stressing he should go on trial and pay for his crimes."
BY DAVID KAY ON THE INTERIM PROGRESS REPORT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF
THE IRAQ SURVEY GROUP (ISG) BEFORE THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE
ON INTELLIGENCE, THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, SUBCOMMITTEE
ON DEFENSE, AND THE SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE (CIA,
Oct 2, 2003)
You . An Iraqi poet celebrates the dictator's fall.(Awad Nasir,
Wall Street Journal, May 8, 2003):
"It is not only the people of Iraq who are grateful for the
end of a nightmare. A majority of Arabs and Muslims are also grateful.
The chorus of lamentation for Saddam consists of a few isolated
figures espousing the bankrupt ideologies of pan-Arabism and Islamism.
A Moroccan Islamist tells us that the American presence in Iraq
is "a punishment from Allah" for Muslims because of their
"weakening faith." But if the toppling of a tyrant is
punishment, then I pray that Allah will bring similar punishments
on other Arab nations that endure despotic rule."
R.I.P. Everyone now agrees it was right to attack Iraq pre-emptively
(Gordon Crovitz, Wall Street Journal, June 1, 2004): "A
familiar news story: A hard-line government uses its powerful military
to launch a unilateral pre-emptive strike. The United Nations and
Europe are horrified, along with most of the American media. They
condemn the strike and brush off claims that it was justified as
an act of self-defense against an unpredictable tyrant. So was it
a terrible mistake, a lamentable error of judgment? Not at all.
History now smiles on Israel's
elimination of Saddam's nearly completed weapon of mass destruction
more than 20 years ago."
Up the Neighbors (Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times, Aug 6,
after the 25-member Governing Council was appointed in Iraq, the
head of the Arab League, Amr Moussa, questioned the U.S.-appointed
Council's legitimacy. "If this Council was elected," complained
Mr. Moussa, "it would have gained much power and credibility."
I love that quote. I love it, first
of all, for its bold, gutsy, shameless, world-class hypocrisy. Mr.
Moussa presides over an Arab League in which not one of the 22 member
states has a leader elected in a free and fair election."
Moral Failure. Why did so many on the left march to save Saddam
Hussein? (Norman Geras, Aug 4, 2003): "Here is one approximate
measure of the barbarities of the Baathist regime I have just referred
to. It comes not from the Pentagon, or anyone in the Bush administration,
or from Tony Blair or those around him. It comes from Human Rights
Watch. According to Human Rights Watch, during 23 years of Saddam's
rule some 290,000 Iraqis disappeared
into the regime's deadly maw, the majority of
these reckoned to be now dead. Rounding this number down by as much
as 60,000 to compensate for the "reckoned to be," that
is 230,000. It is 10,000 a year. It is 200 people every week. And
I'll refrain from embellishing with details, which you should all
know, as to exactly how a lot of these people died. Had
the opposition to the war succeeded, this is what it would have
postponed--and postponed indefinitely--bringing to an end.
This is how almost the whole international left expressed its moral
solidarity with the Iraqi people. Worse still, some sections of
the left seemed none too bothered about making common cause with,
marching alongside, fundamentalist religious bigots and known racists;
and there were also those who dismissed Iraqi voices in support
of the war as coming from American stooges--a disgraceful lie."
for the 'Don't-Touch-Saddam' lobby (Paris based Iranian Amir Taheri,
JP, Jun 13, 2003)
WAR: "INSTANT LESSONS LEARNED". Military Operations, Rumsfeld
Doctrine, Post-Conflict Challenges (CSIS Analysis, Apr 30, 2003)
of the Three-Week War. It was more that we were good rather than
they were bad. (Victor Davis Hanson, NRO, Apr 17, 2003)
and Muslim Media Reactions to the Fall of Baghdad (MEMRI, Apr 11,
OF REVENUE FOR SADDAM & SONS. A Primer on the Financial Underpinnings
of the Regime in Baghdad (The Coalition for International Justice,
Sep 2002) (PDF,
448 KB): "...
Saddam, aided variously by his two sons and close relations before
them, has managed to earn more than $2 billion a year in hard currency
by illegally exploiting the UN system and running extensive smuggling
operations outside it."
Security Council Resolution 1441, which demanded that Saddam Hussein
comply "immediately" with the 16 preceding resolutions,
declared it his "final opportunity" to do so, and promised
"serious consequences" if he failed to do so.
Does Disarmament Look Like? (White House, Jan 2003) (PDF,
Israel and the United Nations. Double standards (Economist, Oct
10, 2002): " ... a quite distinct sort of claim is also
made in the “double standards” debate. This holds that
Israel stands in breach of Security Council resolutions in just
the way Iraq does, and therefore deserves to be treated by the UN
with equal severity. Not so."
Designation as State Sponsor of Terrorism by the United States
Designation by the United States as “Country of Particular
Concern” Under the International Religious Freedom Act.
George W. Bush, Feb 13, 2002: “This
enemy reaches across oceans; it targets the innocent.
There are no rules of war for these cold-blooded killers. They seek
biological and chemical and nuclear weapons to commit murder on
a massive scale. This enemy will not be restrained by mercy, or
by conscience. This enemy will be stopped, and it will be stopped
by the might and will of the United States and our friends and our
Nidal organization (ANO) a.k.a. Fatah Revolutionary Council, Arab
Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, and Revolutionary Organization
of Socialist Muslims (Patterns of Global Terrorism -2001, Office
of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. U.S. State Department:
"Has received considerable support, including safehaven, training,
logistic assistance, and financial aid from
Iraq, Libya, and Syria (until 1987), in addition
to close support for selected operations."
mourn fall of their hero Saddam after flow of dollars for 'martyrs'
dries up (Justin Huggler, Independent, May 7, 2003)
are driven from homes by armed Iraqis (Jack Fairweather, The Daily
Telegraph, Jun 9, 2003): For
all its golden words in support of the Palestinian cause, the [Iraqi]
government refused to let them own their homes and restricted their
employment to manual labour ... While the Palestinian
cause may stir the passions of Arabs across the Middle East, Palestinians
themselves are often regarded with suspicion. Palestinian
militants were involved in civil wars in Jordan and Lebanon.
In 1991, hundreds of thousands
of Palestinians were evicted from Kuwait after
the emirate was liberated from the Iraqis. And in 1993 and 1994,
hundreds were evicted from Libya
on the grounds that Yasser Arafat had supported Saddam. Now it is
the Palestinians in Baghdad who
are the victims of the political upheaval."
in Iraq. The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds (Human Rights Watch):
our estimate, in Anfal at least 50,000 and possibly as many as 100,000
persons, many of them women and children, were killed out of hand
between February and September 1988. Their deaths did not come in
the heat of battle -- "collateral damage" in the military
euphemism. Nor were they acts of aberration by individual commanders
whose excesses passed unnoticed, or unpunished, by their superiors.
Rather, these Kurds were systematically put to death in large numbers
on the orders of the central government in Baghdad -- days, sometimes
weeks, after being rounded-up in villages marked for destruction
or else while fleeing from army assaults in "prohibited areas".
Hussein: crimes and human rights abuses (UK Government Report)
and Weapons of Mass Destruction: The British Government Dossier
Military Forces And Weapons of Mass Destruction (CSIS, Jan 2003)
(PDF, 600 KB)
Denial and Deception for Weapons of Mass Destruction & Ballistic
Missile Programs (UK Government Report) (PDF,
Iraq conceals and obtains its Weapons of Mass Destruction (Ibrahim
al-Marashi, Meria, March 2003)
of Lies. Saddam’s Disinformation and Propaganda 1990-2003
National Strategy to Weapons of Mass Destruction (PDF,
Failing to Disarm (U.S. Secretary of State Addresses the U.N. Security
Rights Watch: This report is a narrative account of a campaign of
extermination against the Kurds of northern Iraq. "It is
the product of over a year and a half of research, during which
a team of Middle East Watch researchers has analyzed several tons
of captured Iraqi government documents and carried out field interviews
with more than 350 witnesses, most of them survivors of the 1988
campaign known as Anfal. It concludes that in that year the Iraqi
regime committed the crime of genocide."
Rights Watch Report 2002 (Iraq): "The
Iraqi government of President Saddam Hussain perpetrated widespread
and gross human rights violations, including arbitrary arrests of
suspected political opponents and their relatives, routine torture
and ill-treatment of detainees, summary execution of military personnel
and political detainees as part of a 'prison cleansing' campaign,
and forced expulsions of Kurds and Turkmen from Kirkuk and other
War 1980-1988 (Encyclopaedia.com):
"Estimates of the number of dead range up to 1.5 million."
last Jews wait in fear for war (Times Online, Oct 18, 2002):
"Fifty years ago there were
about 350,000 Jewish people in Iraq. When the British marched into
Baghdad at the end of the First World War a fifth of its citizens
were estimated to be Jewish. Today 38 remain in the capital.
In Basra, the once prosperous port in the south, there is just one
old woman. In Mosul and Amarah, and other Iraqi cities where Jews
had lived for more than two millennia, their communities have vanished
Regional Government [in Iraq], official website: "The KRG
is the authority that rules over much of the liberated area of Iraqi
Kurdistan. Its domain includes the provinces of Erbil and Duhok
with the city of Erbil as its capital."
Arabs Should Leave Kurdistan Again”. Interview: Massoud Barzani
(Andrea Nuesse, Frankfurter Rundschau, Sept. 16, 2003)
Against the Assyrian Nation (Assyrian International News Agency)
You Harbor a Terrorist. Striking Syria to save Iraq (Barbara Lerner,
NRO, Oct 27, 2003): "What will it take to win the second
great battle of Iraq, the battle against terrorism on Iraqi soil?
Thousands of additional Coalition troops and billions of dollars
in donor aid will make it easier to hold the line, but I'm afraid
it won't be enough, by itself, to ensure another Coalition triumph
there in a year or two. We have to add a new element to the mix,
and it's not another U.N. resolution. It's another "shock and
awe" campaign, this one designed to convince Iraq's neighbors
that when we say they must shut off the flow of foreign terrorists
into Iraq, we mean it."
in Iraq. The natives must not be reading Reuters (Wall Street Journal,
Mar 19, 2004): "...Iraqis really do believe they've been
liberated. That's the finding of the latest National Survey of Iraq,
conducted in February by Oxford Research International. While Iraqis
say security, or the lack of it, remains their largest problem,
they also report that their lives and prospects have improved since
the fall of Saddam Hussein."
Special Tribunal (official website, June 14, 2005): Established
according to the statute no. (1) dated 10.12.2003 enacted by the
Iraqi Governing Counsel.
Iraqi draft constitution - Long litany of contradictions (Professor
Shlomo Avineri, JP, Aug 28, 2005): "... even if ratified,
it has a slim chance of becoming the operative basic document that
could keep Iraq together. ... Some of the absurdities are glaring:
After declaring Islam to be the official religion of the state and
the basic source of its legislation, Article 2(a) states that "no
law can be passed that contradicts the undisputed rules of Islam."
Yet this is immediately followed by Article 2(b) which stipulates
that "no law can be passed that contradicts the principles
of democracy." How these two contradictory statements can be
reconciled is never spelled out. ... none other than the general-secretary
of the Arab League, Amr Moussa, has realized it and claimed that
the draft does away with the exclusively Arab nature of Iraq. He
is right. Article 3 defines Iraq as a "multi-ethnic, multi-religious,
multi-sect country" and Article 4 states that "Arabic
and Kurdish are the two official languages of Iraq," adding
that other Iraqi citizens, "like Turkomen and Assyrians are
guaranteed the right of education for their children in their mother
Opting out of Arabism in Iraq (Professor Barry Rubin, JP, Aug 29,
2005): "There is one other fascinating definition of identity:
the Arabs of Iraq – and not Iraq as a whole – are said
to be part of the Arab nation. THIS DETAIL is psychologically explosive
on a regional level. It means that non-Arab groups can opt out of
Arabism. Arab nationalism would thus become a form of ethnic sympathy
rather than national policy. This would be a real nail in the coffin
of the way the Arab world has been organized in the past half century.
Regarding communal relations within Iraq, the constitution is very
tolerant. Arabic and Kurdish have joint status as official languages,
while Turkoman – a point that should please Turkey –
and Assyrian will have equal status in regions where people who
speak them live. It is important to remember that federalism is
completely unknown in the Arab world. Strong central governments
have been seen – with good reason – to be the only protection
against anarchy and the collapse of the state. Therefore, it is
understandable that few Arabs think it will work in Iraq, and they
might be right."
attacks in Iraqi watersin
2005 (International Maritime Bureau, Jan 31, 2006)
related documents at Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)
Reports on Human Rights Practices, Iraq - 2001 (Bureau of Democracy,
Human Rights, and Labor of U.S. Department of State)
of Congress's Country Studies (Iraq)
World Factbook (Iraq): "Despite restored diplomatic relations
in 1990, lacks maritime boundary with Iran and disputes land boundary,
navigation channels, and other issues from eight-year war; in November
1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait
which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991),
773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to
Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands although the government
continues periodic rhetorical challenges; dispute over water development
plans by Turkey for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers."